Sources Consulted

Brucia, Margaret A. “The African-American Poet, Jupiter Hammon: A Home-Born Slave and His Classical Name¹.” International Journal of the Classical Tradition, vol. 7, no. 4, Spring2001, p. 515. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.umw.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=6724349&site=ehost-live.

Earle, James H. The Reverend Peter Randolph. 1893. Boston.

Harvey, Paul. Through the Storm, Through the Night. Plymouth, UK: Rowman and Littlefield             Publishers, Inc, 2011.

Johnston, Frances Benjamin. St. James’ Church, Goose Creek, Berkely County, South Carolina. 1938. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Divison, Washington, D.C.

Jupiter Hammon’s Address to the Negroes of New York State. 1806.

“Jupiter Hammon (c. 1720-c. 1800).” Biography and Genealogy Master Index. Ed. Jeffrey                 Muhr. Detroit: Gale, 2016. Biography and Genealogy Master Index. Gale. University of Mary              Washington. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://find.galegroup.com.ezproxy.umw.edu/bgmi/start.do?                prodId=BGMI>.

May, Cedrick and Julie McCown. “An Essay on Slavery”: An Unpublished Poem by Jupiter Hammon.” Early American Literature, vol. 48, no. 2, June 2013, pp. 457-471. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.umw.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=88915439&site=ehost-live.

Mrs. Jarena Lee. Preacher of the A.M.E. Church. Aged 60 years on the 11th day of the 2nd month         1844. Library of Congress.

O’Neale, Sondra A. Jupiter Hammon and the Biblical Beginnings of African-American Literature. Metuchen, N.J. : [Philadelphia]: Scarecrow ; American Theological Library Association, 1993. Print. ATLA Monograph Ser.. No. 28.

Richards, Phillip M. 1990. “NATIONALIST THEMES IN THE PREACHING OF JUPITER HAMMON.” Early American Literature 25, no. 2: 123. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed December 11, 2017).

Sernett, Milton C. African American Religious History : A Documentary Witness. 2nd ed. C. Eric Lincoln Series on the Black Experience. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.