DuBois seems to believe that the main foundation for freedom of the African American is their faith in Christianity. In particular, he seems to emphasize the difference between the “black gospel”, so to speak, and the “white gospel”, namely that the Christianity observed by African Americans seemed to take a much more aggressive stance towards social justice and equality, as well as just being more aggressive in general. Much of this stems back from their time as slaves, which DuBois recognizes. However, he also seems to take the argument that Christianity as observed by African Americans is by and large a transplant of their times as “heathens”, the medicine man being replaced by the preacher and the various rites of the gods adapted into a Christian context. The problem I have with this is that it feels very reductionist. It seems to imply that their faith is their only real defining feature, ignoring the various other material factors. To add further confusion, there’s some tangent about deception, which the average slave apparently had to use in order to survive, and he seems to endorse this turning of the cheek as a means of biding one’s time in white society. Problem is, he also seemed to earlier endorse a more active role in making change, so I feel like he’s contradicting himself a bit.